First Generation

1. John1 QUIN(1) was born in Newry, County Down, Ireland circa 1710.(2) John died circa 1777 in Frederick, Frederick County, MD.(3)

He married twice. He married ? ? circa 1730 in Ireland.(4) ? was born circa 1715. He married ? CROOKS circa 1754 in New Jersey.(5) ? was born circa 1730.(6)

He migrated circa 1748 from Northern Ireland to New Jersey.(7) He moved to in Frederick, Frederick County, MD circa 1762 from New Jersey.(8) John Quin was the common ancestor of the "Georgia" and "Preble County, Ohio" Quinns, coming from Northern Ireland in about 1750 to New Jersey where he may have had relatives. The primary information source on the Quinns is the 1925 "Quinn, West, Lacy, Kincade and Wilson Families" published by Edmond Francis Lacey Quinn. His father, Robert Wilson Quinn, had earlier, in 1873, written an account of the Quinns which E.F.L. Quinn updated with further information. Robert Wilson Quinn was the great-grandson of the original immigrant, John Quin. Later accounts, such as those in local bibliographies and in "The James Quinn Family 1781-1981" appear to be derived from and generally consistent with the accounts of R.W. and E.F.L. Quinn. The following is extracted from their accounts.

The population of Ireland in early times was divided into septs or clans and the old maps of Ireland show the O'Quin sept or clan to have lived in Ulster where the counties Armagh, Derry and Down join. The Principal clans in Ulster were the O'Neils and the O'Donnels, the O'Neils being the ruling sept or clan in Ulster.

In 1607 occurred what is known in Irish history as the 'flight of the Earls', that is the Earl of Tyrone, chief of the O'Neils, and the Earl of Tyrconnel, chief of the O'Donnels, being suspected of treason, fled to France. The English government declared all the land belonging not only to the O'Neils and O'Donnels, but land belonging to the smaller clans like the O'Quins, forfeited and in 1609 expelled all the Catholic Irish from northeastern Ulster, the land being granted to English and Scotch settlers. A few of the Irish who conformed to the English rule and the English church were permitted to remain and were given grants of land.

Among the favored ones were two who bore the name of Quin. They were each granted land near Newry. The laws of Ireland made it a penal offense for a protestant to marry a catholic and so in the course of years the protestant Irish families became completely anglicized from intermarriages with their English neighbors.

Our information about the family prior to the birth of John Quin, the emigrant, is very scanty. He claimed to be English, but it is more likely that he was descended from one of the Irish who conformed to the English church in 1609, their families being absorbed into the English population through intermarriage. The war, in which one of the family engaged in England, was probably that between Charles I and Parliament. R.W.Quinn seemed to think that the family had lived in England for some time.

John Quin was married to his first wife in Ireland and had two children according to R.W.Quinn. He first came to America in 1746 on a prospecting tour, but did not come permanently until 1748. His first wife died in Ireland [or was divorced or abandoned - which is not clear!] and her two children remained there and inherited his Irish property. He apparently talked of returning to Ireland, disposing of his property and bringing his children over, but never did so. Sometime after coming to America, probably about 1754, he married Miss Crooks of New Jersey, said to have been a relative of his.

John Quin Sr. died in the winter of 1776 or spring of 1777 and as he was said to have been 67 years of age at the time of his death, he was born either in 1709 or 1710. While R.W.Quinn's record merely says that John Quin emigrated from the north of Ireland, it is known that he lived on his farm in county Down near Newry. Freemasonry dates from the Grand Lodge of London in 1717 and was first extended to Ireland in 1729. The fact that John Quin was a Mason in 1746 would indicate that he was of some importance. Traveling was expensive in those days and the fact that he made three trips across the Atlantic would indicate the possession of some means as well as an enterprising disposition. He was said to have been a very strong man and considerably over six feet tall. R.W.Quinn had heard a story about his getting up out of a sick bed in the last year of his life and, single handed, driving a squad of soldiers out of his house. He was too old to engage in the war of the Revolution and while he said that he was himself bound by his oath of allegiance he offered no objection to his son Richard enlisting in the Continental army.

He lived in New Jersey until about 1762 when he removed to the neighborhood of Frederick, MD., and died there in the winter of 1776 or spring of 1777. We have no knowledge of where he lived in New Jersey or what his occupation was in this country, but presume it was farming as that was his occupation in Ireland and the occupation of his children and most of the descendants in this country. His second wife was said to have been about half his age when he married her in 1754. John Quin and his son, Richard, spelled the name with one "n", whereas all others spelled the name as 'Quinn'.

The Family of John Quin:

John Quin's younger children were born in New Jersey prior to the family's move to Frederick, MD in 1762. The remaining were born in Maryland; the youngest, Mary Ann, was born in August, 1977, after the death of John Quin.

About the close of the Revolution [ca. 1782] the family removed from Frederick to the neighborhood of Georgetown, MD, although it may have have been Falls Church, VA, as John's son Robert married Jane Lacey there. In 1789, the entire family, except for Richard and Margaret, who had earlier died, moved with Jane Lacey Quinn's father and mother and her brother, William Lacey, to Wrightsborough, Columbia County, GA. Jane Lacey Quinn's father, John Lacey, had traded his Georgetown property for land in Georgia. The Laceys had earlier been Quakers, having been disowned due to supporting their sons participation in the Revolution. Wrightsborough was being settled by a large group of Quakers.

The Quinns all remained in Georgia until about 1805, when John, Robert, James, and Elizabeth (Bennett) left for Ohio and settled in Preble County. Joseph Crooks Quinn removed in 1812 from Georgia to Ohio where he later died, unmarried. William, Sarah (West), and Mary Ann (West) remained in Georgia. Christopher had earlier died in Georgia. Some of the Preble County Quinns later moved to Indiana, Illinois, Iowa and other Western states. Following is a summary of this migration:

"Georgia" Quinns: William Quinn
                                 Sarah Quinn West 
                                 Mary Ann Quinn West

"Preble County, Ohio" Quinns: John Quinn ---->> Indiana
                                                     Robert S. Quinn ---- remained in Preble County 
                                                     James Quinn ---->> Scott Co, Iowa 
                                                     Elizabeth Quinn Bennett ---->> Indiana

The descendants of John Quin currently in the Eaton and Dayton, Ohio area all appear to be descended from Robert S. Quinn. Some of Robert S. Quinn'sudescendants also constitute the Quinns and related families who moved to Abingdon, Knox Co, IL.

John QUIN and ? ? had the following children:

child 2 i. ?2 QUIN was born in Ireland circa 1735.(9)

child 3 ii. ? QUIN was born in Ireland circa 1740.(10)

John QUIN and ? CROOKS had the following children:

child 4 iii. Richard QUIN < was born in New Jersey on 14 February 1755.(11) Richard died in 1789 in Maryland, at 34 years of age.(12) He migrated with his parent(s) from New Jersey to Frederick, Frederick Co, MD circa 1762. The following individuals are also linked to this event: ? CROOKS (spouse); William QUINN (child); Robert S. QUINN (child); John QUINN (child).

Richard Quin is shown by the Maryland Archives to have enlisted at Frederick, Maryland on May 1, 1778, in the German regiment of the Maryland line of the Continental Army, for the period of the war. This regiment was so called owing to the fact that Frederick was mainly a German village. R.W.Quinn wrote that Richard had been wounded and had been pensioned after the war. He reported that " when the family moved from Virginia to Georgia about the year 1789, Richard started to go by the capital to have his pension changed to the latter state and was never heard of afterwards. He was a very large man and considerable of a drinker, so much so that his wound never healed, but formed a running sore. It is supposed he died somewhere on the road."

child + 5 iv. William QUINN was born on 28 November 1756.

child + 6 v. John QUINN was born on 2 February 1759.

child + 7 vi. Robert S. QUINN was born on 24 February 1761.

child + 8 vii. James QUINN was born on 3 March 1763.

child 9 viii. Elizabeth QUINN was born in Maryland on 22 January 1765.(13) Elizabeth died in 1855 in Indiana, at 90 years of age.(14) She married Stoat BENNETT. Stoat was born circa 1775.

child + 10 ix. Sarah QUINN was born on 29 August 1767.

child 11 x. Margaret QUINN < was born in Frederick Co, MD on 4 March 1770.(15) Margaret died circa 1780 in Maryland.(16)

child 12 xi. Christopher QUINN < was born in Frederick Co, MD on 25 March 1773.(17) Christopher died in 1795 at 22 years of age.(18)

child 13 xii. Joseph Crooks QUINN < was born in Frederick Co, MD on 11 June 1775.(19) Joseph died on 20 September 1837 in Eaton, Preble County, OH, at 62 years of age.(20) Joseph Crooks Quinn was the youngest of John Quinn's sons who came to Ohio. According to R.W.Quinn, he came to Ohio from Georgia in 1812 after ducking out on his wedding day. Having avoided getting married in Georgia, he never married at all. As R.W.Quinn noted, "...he was engaged to be married to a lady in Georgia, but on the wedding morning on some provocation, I do not know what, he got on his horse and started for Ohio. He went near enough to the house of his fiancee to see the wedding guests assembled but took care not to be seen himself. He and his brother James were both high tempered (in fact the brothers were all very choleric in temperment) and used to have violent quarrels on politics, Joseph being a Democrat and James a Whig. At one time they were both at my grandfather's [Robert S. Quinn] about Christmas intending to spend the holidays there. The evening was long and the three brothers [Robert S., James and Joseph Quinn] passed the time over their peach brandy and other drinks discussing politics until bed time. Joseph and James were to sleep in the same room in different beds. A cousin of mine, Joseph W. Quinn [son of Robert Quinn; grandson of Robert S.Quinn], a boy of 10 or 12 years of age slept with his namesake. The discussion still continued after they had got in bed until, finally, James, losing his temper, entirely sprang out of bed at about ten or eleven o'clock at night, put on his clothes and went off to my father's brother, James Quinn, who lived about a third of a mile distant. On the next morning, another cousin of mine, John Lacey Quinn [son of James Quinn; grandson of Robert S. Quinn], who had gone to his great uncle James to spend the night with his boys, some of whom were about his age, on returning home met him about half way between the two houses boiling over with indignation, talking to himself, and shaking his cane and threatening vengeance on someone. He was so wrapped up in his wrath that he passed him on the road without seeing him. When John Lacey Quinn reached home his great uncle, Joseph, questioned him about what he had seen and on being told, took a hearty laugh over it, referring to his brother as a blamed old fool."

"I have told this anecdote to show what manner of men my grandfather [Robert S. Quinn] and his brothers were. Of hot hasty temper and overbearing disposition they quarelled frequently with each other though not often, as far as I have ever learned, with any of their neighbors. They all liked their liquor and kept it up as long as they lived and, with the exception of my grandfather, were inclined to be superstitious."

Also, according to R.W.Quinn, " He entered two quarter sections of land in Lanier Township, Preble County, Ohio, three miles east of Eaton on what is now [1873] the Dayton pike, directly south of my grandfather's [Robert S. Quinn] farm in Twin Twp. He spent part of his time in Ohio and part in Georgia. He also went out to Missouri and spent several years, and what one of farms sold for, working in the lead mines. He came back to Ohio and died at his nephew's, James Quinn (my father's brother) on the 20th day of September 1837. He is buried in Eaton cemetery; he and my grandfather being the only ones of the old set whose graves I have ever seen. All the old men were more or less eccentric, my grandfather probably the least of any, and all were wanderers, not being satisfied to remain many years in the same place."

child + 14 xiii. Mary Ann (Polly) QUINN was born on 9 August 1777.

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